CBRN / HazMat Training Blog

The Most Deadly of Nerve Agents: VX

Written by Steven Pike on 28 March 2024

The deadly nerve agent VX was used in the assassination of Kim Jong Un’s half-brother, Kim Jong Nam. It is the most lethal of the nerve agents produced, more so than Sarin, and has an interesting if shadowy history.


Why Commercial UAVs Could Change Our Thinking on the Chemical Terrorism Threat

Written by Steven Pike on 14 February 2024

In September 2023, a UK court convicted Mohammad Al-Bared from Coventry of committing acts of terrorism. In December of that year, he was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 20 years. His crime? Using 3D printer technology to produce an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); he prepared the single-use weapon in a bedroom and planned to export the UAV for use by the Islamic State terror group (ISIL). Chillingly, he hoped that the weapon would be used to deliver a chemical weapon payload.


CBRN Training Tools: How to Compare the Latest Technology

Written by Steven Pike on 25 March 2022


CBRNe Convergence 2021

Written by Steven Pike on 29 October 2021

The CBRNe Convergence 2021 is thrilled to be returning after last year’s hiatus. This edition of the event will be taking place in Orlando, Florida from 2–4 November 2021. The event will host three full days of conferences, workshops, and exhibitions. Click here to register. 


How to achieve powerful learning outcomes with CBRN simulator training

Written by Steven Pike on 22 September 2021

Chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) incidents, by their very nature, are deliberate and malicious acts designed to invoke harm or fear through an intentional attack or threat. 

While such events remain thankfully rare, when they do occur there is the vital need for a robust and decisive response.


How chemical profiling is aiding the investigation of CWA crimes

Written by Steven Pike on 23 March 2021

It is twenty-six years since the Japanese terrorist group Aum Shinrikyo released the deadly nerve agent sarin in a series of five coordinated attacks on Tokyo's subway system. 

Twelve people lost their lives in the aftermath of the incident on March 20th 1995. More than 5,000 civilians required medical attention, with some fifteen-hundred found to have been moderately to severely poisoned by the effects of the toxin.

Subsequent analysis of the harrowing events of that day would reveal a number of key lessons which continue to inform and guide authorities, responders and medical teams in their preparedness and response to chemical incidents.


The role of simulation in countering chemical threats

Written by Steven Pike on 10 March 2021

Since it first came into effect in April 1997, the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) has set out to eliminate the use of chemical warfare agents by prohibiting their development, production, acquisition and stockpiling.

According to latest figures published by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), approximately 98% of the world's declared chemical weapons stockpiles are currently believed to have been destroyed.


The new technologies protecting against CWA exposure on the battlefield

Written by Bryan W Sommers - SGM U.S. Army, Ret. on 19 January 2021

Maintaining combat readiness is a vital requirement for military personnel who are deployed to potentially environments where there is risk of exposure to chemical warfare agents (CWAs) or toxic industrial chemicals (TICs).

The development, production and use of chemical weapons continues to remain a significant global concern, due in no small part to the wide availability of the active substances that are used to create them and the relative ease with which the methods or recipes for CWA production can be obtained and shared online.


How can simulator detector systems benefit military CWA instruction?

Written by Bryan W Sommers - SGM U.S. Army, Ret. on 08 December 2020

Regular and rigorous training has a hugely important role to play in ensuring that military personnel acquire the essential knowledge, experience and practical skills that their demanding roles require.

The invisible and intangible nature of many chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) threats however can make them especially challenging to train for, and especially so when it comes to the conducting of effective chemical agent detection.


What are the most common types of chemical warfare agent (CWA)?

Written by Steven Pike on 17 April 2019

Chemical warfare agents (CWAs) are highly toxic chemicals that have been used in modern military conflicts dating back to the First World War.

In the last couple of decades however, particularly close attention has been paid to the acute and chronic health effects associated with exposure to these agents.

In this blog post we define five of the most common forms of CWA, their methods of dispersal, their modes of action and their effects on the human body.